Cocaine is a powerfully addictive stimulant that directly affects the brain. Cocaine generally is sold as a fine, white, crystalline powder derived from the dried leaves of the coca plant. Street dealers usually dilute it with inert substances (such as cornstarch, talcum powder or sugar), with active drugs (such as procaine — a chemically related local anesthetic), or with amphetamines. The powdered form can be snorted into the nose, or dissolved in water and then injected into a vein.

"Crack" is the street name given to the drug's freebase form, which is processed to form a rock crystal that can be heated in a pipe and the vapors smoked. Crack cocaine resembles white or tan pellets. Because crack is smoked, the user experiences a high in less than 10 seconds.

Cocaine is a stimulant. Its effects appear almost immediately after a single dose and disappear within a few minutes to less than an hour. The drug usually makes the user feel euphoric, energetic, talkative, and mentally alert. It also can temporarily decrease the need for food and sleep. The short-term effects also include increased heart rate and blood pressure, constricted blood vessels, increased temperature, and dilated pupils. Cocaine also may cause bizarre, erratic, and violent behavior.

The health consequences of long-term cocaine abuse include disturbances in heart rhythm, heart attacks, respiratory failure, strokes, seizures, convulsions and coma. Cocaine abusers are at increased risk for contracting HIV or AIDS, not only due to the sharing of contaminated needles and other drug paraphernalia, but also as a result of engaging in risky sexual behaviors.


Withdrawal Symptoms

  • irritability/agitation
  • anxiety
  • depression
  • fatigue/sleepiness
  • paranoia

Detoxification is necessary to cleanse the body from traces of cocaine and prepare your body to learn and adopt new habits. While Lighthouse Detox does not medically manage detox from cocaine, they provide a comfortable environment and safe observation by a clinical team for individuals experiencing withdrawal.  An upfront fee for service is required.


If you are cocaine/crack dependent, get help now.